© 2011 PhysOrg.com The two suggest that on occasion some big stars move close enough to binaries (paired stars) that they get pulled into their gravitational field, resulting in an unbalanced state as the trio moves awkwardly through space. After some time passes, the big star gets the boot and as a result of the buildup of energy created between the three, is sent hurtling out into space, becoming a runaway star.Such stars have been the focus of much attention as they travel so much faster than all the other stars around them. Most in the Milky Way Galaxy by contrast plod along at a measly five kilometers per second, so it’s not difficult to see why the speedsters would draw so much attention. Prior to this research, some suggested the big stars got their speed from being near another star that exploded. Other’s theorized that they’d maybe simply paired with another star and the two began moving around one another at a faster clip, similar to ball room dancers. Though in this case, the two would have wound up flinging one another apart in opposite directions in their grand finale.To back up their theory, Fujii and Zwart built a computer simulation of star clusters and found that over time each cluster did indeed include binaries that attracted other stars that were eventually sent packing by the original two. The researchers believe this proves that the majority, if not all runaway stars became such due to being rejected as a temporary third mate for binaries.This new thinking came about when two stars last year were spotted speeding away from a dense group of star clusters believed to be less than two million years old, which seemed to fly in the face of the exploding partner idea, as such stars aren’t thought to explode until reaching at least three million years of age.At any rate, as time passes, it should be easy enough to prove this new theory; all scientists have to do is trace back the trajectories of speeding stars to see if they came from identifiable binaries. How single stars lost their companions Journal information: Science Citation: New simulations suggest runaway stars may be outcasts from binaries (2011, November 18) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2011-11-simulations-runaway-stars-outcasts-binaries.html More information: The Origin of OB Runaway Stars, Published Online November 17 2011. Science DOI: 10.1126/science.1211927 www.sciencemag.org/content/ear … 1/16/science.1211927 Explore further (PhysOrg.com) — For at least half a century, astronomers have been perplexed by so-called runaway stars; big monsters that hurtle around galaxies at some thirty kilometers per second without apparent reason. Now however, astrophysicists Michiko S. Fujii and Simon Portegies Zwart describe in their paper published in Science, how they believe that the big stars get their speed as a result of being hurled out and away from binary star couplings that occur within the centers of clusters of stars. This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.
Barbary macaques. Credit: Wikipedia/Flickr/Karyn Sig Prior research has shown that humans sometimes engage in what is known as positive visual contagion. This is when an individual encounters another individual behaving in a positive way and responds by behaving in a positive way. An example would be a person entering their office in the morning and encountering someone who seems to be in a cheerful mood—just seeing that person being cheerful can have a positive impact on the person seeing it. When the second person then behaves in a positive way and is seen by a third person who is then impacted, the reason for labeling it as a contagion becomes clear. Until now, it has not been known if positive visual contagion occurs with other animals, though there has been some anecdotal evidence suggesting it does—usually for a short time. In this new effort, the researchers report seeing such behavior in Barbary macaques, and that some episodes lasted up to a half-hour. The researchers studied 20 of the female macaques living in a partially free-range park. Because grooming has been shown to be a positive experience, they used it as a measure when conducting their positive visual contagion experiments. They also used more clear cues such as hugging and touching. The researchers also watched for other behaviors such as scratching or yawning—signs of unhappiness or stress. If a macaque stopped performing such an activity upon witnessing something positive, it was counted as an example of positive visual contagion.The researchers report that they witnessed several examples of positive visual contagion between the macaques. When one of the individuals was feeling nervous, for example, they became visibly less agitated when watching others grooming or being groomed. They also made themselves more readily available for such activities. They were also seen to cuddle more and to offer food to others. More information: Observing grooming promotes affiliation in Barbary macaques, Proceedings of the Royal Society B (2018). rspb.royalsocietypublishing.or … .1098/rspb.2018.1964 Explore further Journal information: Proceedings of the Royal Society B Citation: Researchers find positive visual contagion in Barbary macaques (2018, December 12) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2018-12-positive-visual-contagion-barbary-macaques.html This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. A pair of researchers at the University of Roehampton has found that captive Barbary macaques are capable of engaging in positive visual contagion—a behavior normally only seen in humans. In their paper published in Proceedings of the Royal Society B, Juliette Berthier and Stuart Semple describe their experiments with Barbary macaques living in a park in the U.K. and what they learned from it. © 2018 Science X Network Positive emotions more contagious than negative ones on Twitter
Italian filmmaker Alessandro D’Alatri has rolled out a story about young love and small-town life in the form of his latest flick Sul Mare (On the Sea).Shot in the settings of a warm and gentle island, the movie offers a lot more than just depthless teen romance.A ‘country boy’ falls in love with a ‘city girl’ who reciprocates his love and a sweet love story is in the making until the guy thinks that his lady love has jilted him.The love story is at times effective and most of the times simple yet sweet. The soft romance offers amusement until it graduates towards a discordant end which is both soft and tragic.The lead actor, Dario Castillo, plays the part of a guy with a broken heart pretty well, considering the fact that this is his debut flick.Martina Cidecasa, who plays the love interest of Dario, looks pretty in her role. Go for this one.DETAILAt: Italian Embassy Cultural Centre, 50E, Chandragupta Marg, ChanakyapuriWhen: 5 & 8 DecemberTimings 6.30 pm and 2 pm, respectivelyPhone 26871901
National Museum is all set to organise its sixth lecture. The talk will focus on the topic ‘Indian Museum – becoming more relevant’. Museum professional Vinod Daniel will be delivering the lecture. The talk will highlight on how museums internationally are better connecting their collections to communities, addressing contemporary issues, better managing their collections and having more effective audience engagement. It will also deal with some of the broader challenges that museums internationally face and the measures that are being taken to make them more sustainable.Daniel is the Chairman of AusHeritage, CEO of India Vision Institute and the Vice Chair of the International Council of Museum-Committee for Conservation. Over his career of more than two decades, he had worked at the J Paul Getty Trust in Los Angeles and the Australian Museum and has handled on projects in over 35 countries. He is currently working on projects with Egypt, USA, Australia, India and Germany.
The story of Satyabhama, the second consort of Lord Krishna, came alive in the Capital stage as renowned Kuchipudi dancer Meenu Thakur presented The Glimpses of Bhamakalapam on 23 August at Epicentre, Gurgaon. Renowned Kathak exponent Nalini Kamalini was the cheif guest for the evening.The artiste depicted the vanity, envy and anger of the divine damsel. She displayed tremendous energy in a break less performance that continued for an hour. Audiences were enthralled by her emotive facial expresions and scintillating feet movements. There were a number of foreign nationals who were watching an Indian classical dance performance for the first time.While intereacting with them, Thakur explained the essence of the portrayal of Satyabhama.
The Kalakshetra Repertory Company presenting six parts of the vintage Ramayana production, featuring some of its best artists from 15 – 20 November at Meghdoot I, at the capital’s Sangeet Natak Akademi. The festival was inaugurated by Minister of Culture, Dr Mahesh Sharma on 15 November.The representatives of Kalakshetra present at the press meet were – director, Priyadarsini Govind, Senior Guru, Prof A Janardhanan, Heads of Concert Section Jyolsna Menon and Nandini Nagaraj, and senior performing artists and Faculty members Sri Haripadman and Shaly Vijayan. Kalakshetra is renowned for its dance dramas, many of which were meticulously crafted by Rukmini Devi herself. An ardent lover of music, Rukmini Devi invited several great musicians to Kalakshetra, and together, they composed and produced over thirty dance dramas based on traditional forms. It is to her credit that, sixty years later, they have retained their freshness and beauty. The Kalakshetra productions are today recognized for their in-depth research, impeccable technique and refined aesthetics. The most significant of these is the famous ‘Ramayana’ series. In 1955, Rukmini produced the first of the Ramayana dance-dramas – Sita Swayamvaram, with the music composed by the legendary Sri Vasudevacharya of Mysore. Rukmini Devi based her production largely on Valmiki’s classical version, which runs into 24,000 stanzas. She completed the Ramayana series – six in all – in 1969, 14 years after she began the venture.Besides this, the classic play ‘Waiting For Godot’ featuring Naseeruddin Shah was also performed on 15 November. When: On till 20 November Where : Sangeet Natak Akademi
Kolkata: Scare of Tarantula spiders has reached the city with a woman getting admitted to a private nursing home in Garia after being bitten by a spider. The woman identified as Putul Pailan was performing puja at her home when she was bitten. The family members of Putul claimed that the doctor said the latter was bitten by a Tarantula spider.The insect had somehow stealthily crept inside the flowers kept for puja and as soon as the woman tried to pick up the flowers, she was bitten. The spider was killed and then brought to the nursing home along with the patient. Also Read – Heavy rain hits traffic, flightsThe woman, a resident of Rakshit More area, claimed that she lost sensation on her hand as soon as she received the bite. The scare of Tarantula has already reached the districts after a person died at Debra in West Midnapore in a suspected Tarantula spider bite. The youth identified as Pintu Sahoo was admitted to Egra super specialty hospital on Sunday night and he succumbed to his injuries within hours. The insect has also been spotted in Mahisadal and Patashpur in Medinipur.According to a forest department official, there are 100 types of Tarantula in the world. The big size insects are found in Africa, South America, some parts of Asia and Australia.
The discussion Women in Disaster and Destitution being the 11th one in its series celebrating Feminism Beyond Boundaries began with a video which showed the troubles which young girls and women have to go through when their parents/guardians force them into prostitution. Professor Nimesh G Desai, the Director of Institute of Human Behaviour and allied sciences (IHBAS) talked about the possible reasons behind such a situation where women are prone to exploitation at the event held at Oxford Bookstore, Connaught Palace. Also Read – ‘Playing Jojo was emotionally exhausting’Women suffer because when they’ve lost their loved ones. No one to looks after them,
Kolkata: The new “dynamic fare” for the app-based cabs is going to be effective from July 20.The dynamic fare will not exceed more than 45 percent of the charges for air-conditioned metered taxis approved by the government. The approved fare for an air-conditioned metered taxi is Rs 18.75 and the waiting or ride-time charges and service charges will get added.According to a press communiqué issued by the state Transport department on Friday, both the app-based cab aggregators have informed the department about the changes to be brought about in the pricing pattern following the meeting. State Transport minister Suvendu Adhikari held a meeting with authorities of the app-based cab aggregators on July 4 in this connection. It may be mentioned that the state Transport department had been receiving repeated complaints of high surge fare for app-based cab services for the past few months. As a result, the state Transport department had initiated finding a solution and held meetings with the operators. Also Read – Speeding Jaguar crashes into Merc, 2 B’deshi bystanders killedIt may be mentioned that both the companies shall also try to limit the total number of rides that would be charged with dynamic fares, which are more than the authoritative price for air-conditioned meter taxis, to within 25 percent of the total rides for a month. The aggregators also agreed to have a good number of rides with fares below the authoritative prices. At the same time, both the companies would be submitting monthly compliance reports with aggregated data to the Transport department that will evaluate the scenario within three months. The companies have also requested the state Transport department to take steps to issue new permits for commercial cars and bike-taxis in order to increase the availability of the vehicles. Also Read – Naihati: 10 councillors return to TMC from BJPMeanwhile, the state Transport department has also taken steps to ensure that the commission system of payment for drivers and conductors of private buses are abolished and salaries are started. The step has been taken to bring down the rate of accidents caused due to racing between two or more buses. It would come into effect from August 1. The top brass of the state Transport department already held meetings with representatives of the bus owners’ associations. Sources said a committee has also been formed to prepare a time-table based on which the buses will be plying in a particular area.
Kolkata: The coastal districts of Bengal may witness heavy rainfall in the next 24 hours, while the city and its adjoining districts will receive scattered rainfall.The Regional Meteorological Centre at Alipore on Sunday said that a low pressure trough has been formed over Bay-of-Bengal, which will bring rainfall in East Midnapore and South 24-Parganas. Heavy rain will be accompanied by strong winds and thunderstorm, particularly in the two districts. Also Read – Rain batters Kolkata, cripples normal lifeAn alert has been issued to the fishermen, asking them not to voyage into the sea till August 15, as it may turn turbulent. Those who are out in the sea have been asked to return.Some restrictions were imposed on the visitors while taking bath in the sea at Digha and Mandarmani on Sunday, following the alert. The local administrations have taken all measures to check any mishap.Digha and Mandarmani recorded a huge number of tourists on Sunday. Many people from the city and other parts of the state visited beach towns on Saturday. Also Read – Speeding Jaguar crashes into Mercedes car in Kolkata, 2 pedestrians killedThe district police officers maintained surveillance in the beaches and conducted campaigns to make people aware about the rough sea. According to local administration, there were high waves in Digha on Sunday and the condition may continue for the next 24 hours. Policemen have been posted near the sea beaches from Saturday in the wake of the weather prediction.The Met officials on Sunday warned of spells of thundershowers accompanied by strong winds in some South Bengal districts, while moderate rain may lash parts of Kolkata and its adjoining suburbs on Monday. According to the Met office, a low pressure trough formed over Bay-of-Bengal may lead to depression near the state’s coastline, causing a heavy downpour in Gangetic Bengal over the next 24 hours. The situation may improve from Tuesday evening. Rain will be accompanied by strong breeze in some of the districts in South Bengal.The weather office said that the districts like North 24-Parganas, Nadia, Murshidabad and Hooghly will also see light rainfall due to the low pressure trough.
Kolkata: Patients suffering from cancer and requiring radiation would now be able to avail world class health service completely free of cost at the NRS Medical College and Hospital in the city, following the installation of two ‘Linear Accelerators’, which are the most advanced machines for radiation therapy, at a cost of Rs 25 crore each.The patients, who would earlier have to pay at least Rs 10 lakh in private health establishments in the country to avail the treatment, would no longer have to pay a single penny for getting the service, as the machines, which are the most modern and costly pieces of equipment at the hospital, have already started functioning. Also Read – Rain batters Kolkata, cripples normal lifeThe ‘True Beam’ model of the linear accelerators has been made operational at NRS Medical College and Hospital from Friday, which would cater to thousands of cancer patients from across the state and from outside as well. Earlier, the patients had to go to private hospitals in Mumbai or some other state for availing the services. This has become possible due to the relentless efforts of Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee to provide the state with world class infrastructure in the health sector. Major reforms were undertaken by the Bengal government in this sector, so that people get treatment free of cost in all the state-run hospitals. The modern linear accelerator machines add a new feather to the crown. Also Read – Speeding Jaguar crashes into Mercedes car in Kolkata, 2 pedestrians killedThe sophisticated new radiation machines were installed in the Radiotherapy department of the hospital, with an aim to provide top class health services to the patients. It was not always possible for the patients to bear the huge cost of undergoing radiation therapy at private establishments outside the state. According to a senior official of the hospital, radiation was earlier provided by one Telecobalt Theratron machine, which is far behind modern day machines in terms of their functioning. In case of the Telecobalt Theratron machine, the unaffected cells of the body used to be affected during radiation therapy. But the new machine targets only the cells which are affected. Apart from the installation of the two new machines, the entire two-floor Radiology department has been upgraded with high level facilities. The two new machines were installed in the hospital a few months ago, but could not be operated as a cap of the machines were broken and data was removed. A section of the hospital officials called it an incident of sabotage. On the basis of the specific complaint lodged by the Radio Safety Officer, the health department has initiated a probe in this regard. When contacted, Dr Dwaipayan Biswas, Deputy Superintendent of NRS Medical College and Hospital, said: “It’s a major boost to the health infrastructure in the state. Thousands of patients suffering from cancer can now get free treatment at the hospital.”
Beginning the New Year with a positive note, the national Capital has proudly welcomed World Book Fair ongoing January 13. The current year as well saw West Bengal Urdu Academy (WBUA) participating in New Delhi World Book Fair (NDWBF) like the previous year at Pragati Maidan. The stall comprises hundreds of important titles in Urdu published by the Academy. NDWBF is being held for the past 44 years and is a major calendar event in the publishing world. In view of working towards promotion of diverse books and developing reading habit in the country, the Fair has been organised by National Book Trust, India, an autonomous body under the Ministry of Human Resource Development, Government of India. The stall at this Book Fair received a warm response from the book lovers and is hoping that this year again a large number of book-loving people would visit the stall and help them promote, advance and encourage the study the Urdu language and the habit of reading. Also Read – Add new books to your shelfWBUA runs as per a memorandum with the Chief Minister of West Bengal, Mamata Banerjee being its chairperson which has a general council comprising of 34 members and governing body with 17 members. WBUA with special support from Sultan Ahmed (MP) and Md Nadimul Haque (MP) have been successfully working to meet their objectives. The academy further aims to advise and assist the state government in the formulation and implementation of its policies towards promotion, propagation and development of the language. It also publishes scholarly works on various topics in Urdu. Printing, publication and translation of popular Bengali classics in Urdu are some of their initiatives as well. Also Read – Over 2 hours screen time daily will make your kids impulsive“Books are our best friends and book fairs play a great role in encouraging the reading habit among people of all age groups. This being the sole idea of West Bengal Urdu Academy has drawn us from West Bengal. WBUA invites you to visit us at the Delhi Book Fair any day at any time of your convenience. But before the entry to the Book Fair gets closed at 7 pm have a look at the new titles of the company. Also, we have some well-trained staffs running the stall,” the Governing body of WBUA said.
Darjeeling: Elections to the Gorkhaland Territorial Administration (GTA) will be held after the Lok Sabha elections, either in August or September, stated Binay Tamang, chairman, Board of Administrators, GTA.”We had raised the issue of GTA election with the Chief Minister in the meeting. The elections will be held after Lok Sabha elections, before Durga Puja, tentatively in August or September,” stated Tamang. At present, a Board of Administrators is at the helm of affairs in the GTA. Also Read – Speeding Jaguar crashes into Mercedes car in Kolkata, 2 pedestrians killedThe issue of holding GTA elections had cropped up during the Chief Minister’s meeting with the Board of Administrators in Darjeeling on January 22 and again during an administrative meeting at Lalkothi, Darjeeling, on January 24. A host of development projects were discussed during the meetings. “Work order had been issued for the renovation of the GTA building that has been lying vacant at the Darjeeling Mor in Siliguri. The project will bear a cost of Rs 6 crore. The building will include an office and a tourist centre,” stated Tamang. Also Read – Bose & Gandhi: More similar than apart, says Sugata BoseA Rs 32 crore project has been sanctioned and a Detailed Project Report (DPR) has already been made for a Gorkha Welfare Centre to be built at Saket, Delhi. The welfare centre will include separate blocks for students, patients and tourists. There will be cafeterias and a multi-purpose hall for marriages, conferences and banquets. “The Chief Minister will lay the foundation stone for this,” added Tamang. The first phase of the ongoing Chowrasta Beautification project will end by April. This will be followed by the second phase. A Residential Sports Academy will come up in the old school building premises in Sukna. The GTA will soon initiate an e-office for smoother functioning. A GTA Mountaineering and Adventure Foundation will also be constituted. “We have also requested the Chief Minister for 2 IAS and 4 WBCS officers to be deputed to the GTA,” stated Tamang.
Prosenjit Chatterjee, Tollywood actor, producer, director, is launching a new film based on the story of a journey undertaken by three women, belonging to three different ages and generations, in search of life.Road movies are very popular in Hollywood and Bollywood, but this is happening for the first time in Bengali films. Uronchondi is a complete road movie that will be shot on the roads from Purulia to Kolkata with twists and turns in between. Also Read – Add new books to your shelfThe main character in the movie is a lorry, with the help of which, three women of three different generations escape from their home to live independently. Rajnandini Paul, who is playing the 18-year-old girl, Sudipta Chakraborty, playing the mid 30’s woman and Chitra Sen playing the mid 60’s widow are the three main characters in the movie. Amartya Ray(son of ChaitiGhoshal)is playing a major character.Abhisheik Saha, is the director of the movie with the background of ad filmmaking. He is directing a movie for the first time. Also Read – Over 2 hours screen time daily will make your kids impulsiveSoumik Halder is the cinematographer and Debojyoti Mishra will compose the music and will do the background score. Music will play a very important role in the movie.Produced by Nideas Creations and Productions Pvt Ltd, the shooting will start from February 18 at Purulia.The script is being written by Sudeep Das. It is the flow of story and its uniqueness, that makes it stand apart.Chatterjee is involved in the entire process of the movie, like he always does for any of the movie from his production house. He is giving special attention to the creative part.The film will be sent to major film festivals once it is made.
Kolkata: The state government, along with Kolkata Municipal Corporation (KMC), is making all possible arrangements so that service can be extended on a war footing if there is any sort of damage caused due to the cyclone ‘Fani’, which is predicted to move towards Bengal soon.Chief Secretary Malay De held a meeting with concerned government departments and senior KMC officials led by Municipal Commissioner Khalil Ahmed at Nabanna on Tuesday and gave necessary instructions on the arrangements to be put in place for the cyclone. Also Read – Rs 13,000 crore investment to provide 2 lakh jobs: MamataThe coastal areas and riverine areas like Howrah, Hooghly, East Midnapore and South 24-Parganas are likely to be affected more due to ‘Fani’. North Bengal is likely to face the effect of the cyclone on May 3, as per information from the weather office. Municipal Commissioner Khalil Ahmed also held a meeting at the KMC with senior officials of all concerned departments, to ensure that they keep a skeleton gang ready for necessary action on May 2, 3 and 4. Also Read – Lightning kills 8, injures 16 in stateAs per information received from the National Emergency Response Centre and the state department of Disaster Management and Civil Defence, expected wind speed of the cyclone may go up to 60 km/h, 85 km/h and 115 km/h on May 2, 3 and 4 respectively. Rainfall is expected to be in the range of 7 to 20 cm on May 3 and 4. The Parks & Gardens department has been requested to deploy men and machineries to attend to the emergent situation, for removal of uprooted trees including broken branches throughout the city. The Building department will deploy its team to tackle the situation as well. The Lighting department has been instructed to remove uprooted lampposts and disconnect electricity from the posts and similar necessary measures as and when required. The Sewerage and Drainage department and Solid Waste Management department have also been asked to attend to issues like waterlogging and others in the wake of the cyclone. The Municipal Secretary has also been asked to make arrangements for provision of relief material if required.
Having a happy spouse not only leads to a longer marriage, but may also be key to a longer life, a study claims. The study, published in journal Psychological Science, shows that spousal life satisfaction was associated with mortality, regardless of individuals’ socioeconomic or physical health status. Spouses’ life satisfaction was an even better predictor of participants’ mortality than participants’ own life satisfaction. Participants who had a happy partner at the beginning of the study were less likely to pass away over the next 8 years compared with participants who had less happy partners. Also Read – Add new books to your shelf”The findings underscore the role of individuals’ immediate social environment in their health outcomes. Most importantly, it has the potential to extend our understanding of what makes up individuals’ ‘social environment’ by including the personality and well-being of individuals’ close ones,” said Olga Stavrova, a researcher at Tilburg University in the Netherlands. Life satisfaction is known to be associated with behaviours that can affect health, including diet and exercise, and people who have a happy, active spouse, for example, are likely to have an active lifestyle themselves. Also Read – Over 2 hours screen time daily will make your kids impulsiveThe opposite is also likely to be true, said Stavrova. “If your partner is depressed and wants to spend the evening eating chips in front of the TV – that’s how your evening will probably end up looking, as well,” she said. Stavrova examined data from about 4,400 couples in the US who were over the age of 50. The survey collected data on participants who had spouses or live-in partners; 99 per cent of the sampled couples were heterosexual. For up to 8 years, participants and their spouses reported on life satisfaction and various factors hypothesized to be related to mortality, including perceived partner support and frequency of physical activity. They also completed a self-rated health measure and provided information related to their morbidity (as measured by number of doctor-diagnosed chronic conditions), gender, age at the beginning of the study, ethnicity, education, household income, and partner mortality. At the end of 8 years, about 16 per cent of participants had died. Those who died tended to be older, male, less educated, less wealthy, less physically active, and in poorer health than those who were still alive. Those who died also tended to report lower relationship satisfaction, lower life satisfaction, and having a partner who also reported lower life satisfaction. The spouses of participants who died were also more likely to pass away within the 8-year observation period than were spouses of participants who were still living. The findings suggest that greater partner life satisfaction at the beginning of study was associated with lower participant mortality risk. The risk of mortality for participants with a happy spouse increased more slowly than mortality risk for participants with an unhappy spouse. Association between partner life satisfaction and mortality risk held even after accounting for major sociodemographic variables, self-rated health and morbidity, and partner mortality.
It is quite surprising to learn that one of the most beautiful actresses of all times, the violet-eyed Elizabeth Taylor rose up to stardom thanks to a genetic mutation. Taylor was born on February 27, 1932, in London and upon her birth, she was diagnosed with “distichiasis,” a rare medical disorder also known as “double lashes.”The condition of extra lashes is defined as an abnormal development of the FOXC2 gene which commonly causes a painful and unpleasant feeling due to the second row of eyelashes (also known as distichia) that often grow too close to the eye or sometimes even develop within the gland of the eyelid.Elizabeth TaylorFortunately, Elizabeth was among the few lucky ones born without any serious consequences related to the disorder so as she grew up from a little girl to a pretty young lady, and later a stunning actress, her eyelashes were said to be “luxurious,” “captivating” and “unique.”Taylor’s debut role was in There’s One Born Every Minute in 1942. According her biography, Elizabeth by J. Randy Taraborrelli, on the first day of filming, the cast selectors said: “Get that girl off the set– she has too much eye make-up on, too much mascara.”Fifteen-year-old Taylor with her parents at the Stork Club in Manhattan, 1947.Beside her unusually dark outlined eyes, Taylor’s emphatic acting and stunning appearance cemented her career on the silver screen.However, distichiasis was not Taylor’s only health issue. She was born with scoliosis, or curvature of the spine, which caused her to suffer from back and hip problems throughout her life. The took a combination of painkillers and alcohol Taylor took to ease her chronic back pain ended up with her battling drug addiction.She was plagued with a string of accidents and illnesses, coming close to death more than once. During the shooting of her most successful and widely-appraised picture National Velvet (1944) she broke her neck falling from her horse. She underwent an emergency tracheotomy in 1961 after contracting pneumonia, which returned in 2000, putting her in a fragile state once again. When you add in tonsillitis, appendicitis, kidney problems, bronchial infections, an ovarian cyst, various broken bones, a benign brain tumor, and skin cancer, it’s clear that Taylor faced up to more than most of us have to deal with.Promotional photograph of actor Elizabeth Taylor, 1950When it came to acting, Elizabeth Taylor was considered to be “a natural”– she was never professionally trained but still amazed the film crew and wowed audiences with her ability to fully “enter” the characters she played by empathizing with each of them.Glamorous Hollywood leading Ladies Quotes.Some of the roles given to her she considered inconvenient and often complained about it. During the 1950s, however, this changed and Taylor started receiving roles for more successful films.Taylor in a studio publicity photo in 1953.Another virtue of this highly-acclaimed actress was her openness and ability to clearly state her opinion. Unlike most of her Hollywood colleagues, she openly admitted her addictions and signed up for clinical therapy and rehabilitation. Among her many health challenges was the struggle with her weight, which inspired her to write the diet book Elizabeth Takes Off with tips and recipes for keeping a slim figure.The actress Elizabeth Taylor received the Pearl « Peregrina » from her husband Richard Burton in 1969. Photo by Roland Godefroy CC BY 3.0Facing many illnesses during her lifetime, Taylor felt a constant urge to help others who are in trouble. According to The Guardian, the belle was active in raising awareness of HIV/Aids and was among the very first celebrities to speak about the disease.Read another story from us: Audrey Munson, America’s first supermodel ended up living in psychiatric asylum for 65 yearsShe organized and chaired the first U.S. fundraiser for HIV and, as it’s been said, ran an LA equivalent of the popular Dallas Buyers Club from her Bel Air home, from where she distributed experimental and then illegal Aids treatment drugs.Taylor’s last days were determined by her congestive heart failure. She died in 2011, aged 79.
The arrest of serial killer John Wayne Gacy in 1978, followed by the discovery of more than 20 dead bodies under his ranch house in metropolitan Chicago, was one of the most sickening, heartbreaking chapters in American history. Gacy was eventually convicted of murdering 33 teenage boys and young men. “This is the worst crime of the century,” said a deeply shaken investigator of the Gacy crimes as the bodies were being unearthed, one by one, in the documentary Crime Stories: John Wayne Gacy.Gacy was put under surveillance after a 15-year-old boy disappeared and his parents convinced police that their son could not possibly be a runaway. The boy, Robert Piest, had said he was going to meet an adult man about a contracting job. He turned out to be local businessman, civic leader, and volunteer party clown John Wayne Gacy.Gacy with First Lady Rosalynn Carter on May 6, 1978. Six years after the killings began and seven months before his final arrest.Six of the bodies found under Gacy’s house have never been identified. But efforts have not ceased to bring closure to the horrific case.In late July 2018, authorities released highly detailed facial reconstructions of two unidentified victims of Gacy. The images, provided by the National Center for Missing & Exploited Children (NCMEC) and the Cook County Sheriff’s office, are part of the ongoing effort to identify all of the victims.John Wayne Gacy’s clown suit displayed at the National Museum of Crime & Punishment, Washington, D.C. Photo by Steve Terrell CC BY 2.0They were created by a forensic artist and show what the two victims may have looked like.CBS News reported that “it’s been determined that one victim, John Doe #10, was a white male between 17 and 21 years old, 5-foot-7 to 5-foot 11, according to the NCMEC. Before his death, he had suffered an injury to his left clavicle, which had healed well over time. He also had a few dental fillings.”The second victim, John Doe #13, “is believed to have been a white male between 18 and 21 years old who was 5-foot-9 to 6-foot-2. The NCEMC said he had wavy dark brown hair, and one of his upper teeth was displaced behind another tooth.”41 Years After Being Killed, DNA Identifies An Unknown Victim Of John Wayne GacyInvestigators insist they won’t stop searching until all six remaining unknown victims are identified.“The life of the person that was just murdered is no more or less important than a murder victim from 30 years ago. Not in my mind,” Cook County Sheriff’s Detective Jason Moran told CBS.Some of Gacy’s victims were runaways, found at bus stops or on the roadside hitchhiking, but some were employees of his or local youths living at home like Robert Piest. After the case drew publicity, there was criticism that the Chicago police had dismissed the concerns of parents who reported their sons missing, saying the boys must be runaways. If the police had taken a report of a missing boy more seriously earlier in this period, some say Gacy would have been caught and lives saved.Shown are headshots of boys and young men whose bodies have been definitely identified as the victims of John Wayne Gacy.Although Gacy initially confessed to his crimes, he later denied them. He attempted an insanity defense, but was convicted and sentenced to death for 12 murders.Macy was executed by lethal injection on May 10, 1994 at Stateville Correctional Center. He is considered a psychopath and is not known to have felt remorse.Family, neighbors, and friends were stunned by the arrest of the divorced Gacy. His house was a popular spot for holiday parties, though there were those who said they were nauseated by the awful stench wafting through the house in the 1970s.John Wayne Gacy’s art kit displayed at the National Museum of Crime and Punishment in Washington, D.C. Photo by Sarah Stierch CC BY 2.0Gacy was active in local politics and even met First Lady Rosalynn Carter through charity work in 1978.John Wayne Gacy often dressed up and performed at charity events, parades, and children’s parties as “Pogo the Clown.” He designed his own costumes and taught himself to apply clown makeup. He also painted clowns while he was on death row in prison. He said his artwork was intended “to bring joy into people’s lives.” Some of the paintings were later auctioned. Several were purchased so that they could be destroyed.Read another story from us: A book written by 84-year-old man claims his best friend, a fellow skydiver, was the real D. B. CooperGacy was allowed to request a last meal before being executed. He asked for a bucket of Kentucky Fried Chicken, fried shrimp, French fries, strawberries, and a Diet Coke. His wish was granted.Nancy Bilyeau, a former staff editor at *Entertainment Weekly, Rolling Stone*, and *InStyle*, has written a trilogy of historical thrillers for Touchstone Books. For more information, go to www.nancybilyeau.com.
When you live in an area that’s been home to ancient civilizations, sometimes you stumble on remarkable pieces of long-forgotten history. That’s what happened to one Greek farmer living in Crete, not far from the town of Ierapetra, according to Smithsonianmag. The farmer was parking his truck under some olive trees on his property when the ground beneath him started to give way. After the farmer moved his vehicle to a safer location, he saw that a four-foot-wide hole had opened up in the ground. When he peered inside, he realised this was no ordinary hole.The hole in the ground led to a Minoan Bronze Age tomb. Photo by Greek Ministry of CultureThe farmer called in archaeologists from the local heritage ministry to investigate, and they began excavating what turned out to be an ancient Minoan tomb, carved into the soft limestone, which had been lying hidden for millennia.Two adult Minoan men had been placed in highly-embossed clay coffins called “larnakes” which were common in Bronze Age Minoan culture. These, in turn, were surrounded by funerary vases which suggest that the men were of high status.The ancient chamber tomb was entirely intact and undamaged by looters.The tomb was about 13 feet in length and eight feet deep, divided into three chambers that would have been accessed via a vertical tunnel that was sealed with clay after the tomb’s occupants were laid to rest. One larnax was found in the northernmost chamber, with a number of funerary vessels scattered around it.The chamber at the southern end of the tomb held the other larnax coffin, along with 14 amphorae and a bowl. The tomb was estimated to be about 3,400 years old, and was preserved in near-perfect condition, making it a valuable find.The skeletal remains were found inside two larnakes (singular: “larnax”) – a type of small closed coffin used in the Minoan and Greek Bronze Age. Photo by Greek Ministry of CultureKristina Killgrove, a bioarchaeologist, wrote for Forbes that the ornamentation on the artifacts found in the tomb suggest that its inhabitants were men of wealth. The fanciest tombs from the same period, however, had massive domed walls in a “beehive” style, which this tomb doesn’t, so they probably weren’t among the wealthiest.The find dates from the Late Minoan Period, sometimes called the Late Palace Period. In the earlier part of that era, Minoan civilization was very rich, with impressive ceramics and art, but by the later part of the period there is an apparent decline in wealth and prestige, according to Killgrove.It’s believed that the civilization was weakened by a combination of natural disasters, including a tsunami triggered by an earthquake, and the eruption of a nearby volcano. This made it easier for foreigners to come in and destroy the palaces.The ornate pottery vessels found inside the tomb were all in good condition. Photo by Greek Ministry of CultureLocals don’t anticipate the discovery of any more tombs of this type, but the area is known to be the home of a number of antiquities, and a great deal of them have been found by coincidence, as with this find.The Deputy Mayor of Local Communities, Agrarian and Tourism of Ierapetra pointed out that the tomb had never been found by thieves, and went on to say that it would probably have remained undiscovered forever, except for the broken irrigation pipe that was responsible for the softened and eroded soil in the farmer’s olive grove.Minoan fresco commonly known as the ‘Prince of the Lilies.’He went on to say how pleased they were with having the tomb to further enrich their understanding of their ancient culture and history, and that the tomb was proof for those historians who didn’t think that there had been Minoans in that part of Crete.Previously, it had been thought that the Minoans only settled in the lowlands and plains of the island, not in the mountains that surround Ierapetra, although there was an excavation in 2012 that uncovered a Minoan mansion in the same area.Read another story from us: Lost Ancient Greek City Founded by Trojan Survivors DiscoveredKillgrove will be analyzing the skeletons, to see what further information can be gleaned from them. She said, “As a bioarchaeologist, I routinely pore over the skeletons of ancient populations so that I can learn about their health, diet, and lifestyles.” It’s also hoped that analysis can contribute more information into the research on Minoan and Mycenaean origins.