Jul 13, 2004 (CIDRAP News) – H5N1 avian influenza viruses circulating in ducks in China gradually increased their ability to infect mammals between 1999 and 2002, but just how that happened remains unclear, according to a recent study by Chinese researchers.The scientists isolated H5N1 viruses from apparently healthy ducks in southern China between 1999 and 2002 and then injected them into chickens and mice, according to the report in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. Over the 4 years, the viruses somehow became increasingly able to sicken and kill the mice.”Our results demonstrate that while circulating in domestic ducks, H5N1 viruses gradually acquired the characteristics that make them lethal in mice,” says the report by Hualan Chen and colleagues at the Harbin Veterinary Research Institute in Harbin, China. R. G. Webster of St. Jude’s Children’s Research Hospital in Memphis also worked on the research.While causing widespread devastation in Asian poultry flocks last winter and spring, H5N1 viruses caused at least 34 human illness cases, 23 of them fatal. New outbreaks in poultry have been reported recently in Thailand, Vietnam, and China, though without any human cases so far.The report says there was “no convincing evidence of repeated transmission of avian viruses to humans” until 1997, when H5N1 virus jumped from birds to humans in Hong Kong and killed 6 of 18 people infected. Following that outbreak, disease experts began routine surveillance of influenza viruses in apparently healthy ducks in southern China.As part of that surveillance, the authors isolated 21 varieties of H5N1 viruses from ducks between 1999 and 2002. The viruses were cloned and then inoculated intravenously or intranasally into groups of chickens and mice.The viruses proved to be quickly lethal to nearly all of the chickens. In the mice, the viruses grew increasingly pathogenic with time. With very few exceptions, viruses isolated in 1999 and 2000 were less pathogenic than those isolated in 2001 and 2002, the report says. All the isolates classified as highly pathogenic dated from 2001 and 2002.In a search for the molecular basis of the differences in pathogenicity, the investigators sequenced the entire genome of all 21 viruses. They determined that the viruses formed nine genotypes, but they found “no strong links” between the genotypes and pathogenicity. But within the genotypes, there was “a clear temporal pattern” of increasing pathogenicity.”The molecular basis of the transmissibility of avian influenza viruses to mammals is not resolved,” the article states. But the authors speculate that the mechanism has to do with possible traffic in viruses between ducks and pigs living close together on small farms.”Our working hypothesis is that H5N1 viruses have gradually acquired the ability to replicate in mammals by means of selection pressure created by possible transmission between pigs and ducks,” the report says. H5N1 viruses have not yet been found in pigs, but the authors say they have “preliminary virological and serological evidence of H5N1 virus infection in pigs in Fujian province.”The report concludes, “Clearly, H5N1 influenza viruses are continuing to evolve in Asia. Continued surveillance is needed, as is detailed characterization of the gene constellations and specific residues required for transmission to mammals.”Chen H, Deng G, Li Z, et al. The evaluation of H5N1 influenza viruses in ducks in southern China. Proc Nat Acad Sci 2004 Jul 13;101(28):10452-7 [Full text]
Health and Human Services (HHS) Secretary Kathleen Sebelius said at a CDC media briefing today that the guidance was developed in close collaboration with the Department of Education. It seeks to balance the importance of school attendance with the safety and security of students, she said. The new recommendations are based on a new understanding of disease severity, which is now seen as less than originally thought and appears to be more in line with that of seasonal influenza, the CDC said today in its guidance. However, the CDC’s recommendations allow for local flexibility, particularly when many student and faculty absences interfere with school functioning. Some jurisdictions—including Minnesota and the Seattle—recently revised their school closure policies to reflect the new strain’s apparent similarity to seasonal flu. And yesterday, Richard Besser, MD, acting CDC director, hinted at a media briefing that the CDC might change its recommendation. The number of school closures as of today is relatively small, the Department of Education said today on its blog—726 of the nation’s more than 100,000 schools. “Still, this has been a significant disruption for hundreds of thousands of students at those schools, their families, teachers and school leaders,” the department said. “Following CDC’s guidance, those schools may reopen as soon as possible, and most of those students will be able to return to class.” Gershon said the CDC has been consulting appropriately with clinicians and local public health officials, checking supplies of drugs and masks, and evaluating possible disruptions from closing schools and canceling events. “Officials are appropriately weighing the benefits and costs,” she asserted. Noting that influenza is unpredictable, she continued, “When you are facing a possible pandemic, you cannot set the course from day one—you have to revise and reassess your strategy at every turn, just as CDC has done. Given the notorious history of influenza, the initial response has to be appropriate for what could be a worst case.” The rationale for softening the school-closure guidance was that the previous policies weren’t practical or effective because the virus is already circulating widely in the community and because many people with mild illnesses aren’t seeing their doctors or being diagnosed with the new strain. IDSA supports CDC responseThe Infectious Diseases Society of America (IDSA) today praised the CDC’s overall response to the swine flu epidemic, including its guidance on school closings, and defended the agency from criticism. “Hopefully, this will alleviate some of the burden on workers and parents,” Sebelius said. However, she added that changing the school closure recommendations isn’t an indication that health officials know what course the novel virus will take. “There are aggressive efforts underway to learn more,” she said. Isolating sick kids, relieving closure burdensAccording to the updated guidance, students, faculty, and staff who have influenza-like illness (fever with a cough or sore throat) should stay home, except for seeking medical care, for at least 7 days, even if symptoms have already resolved. Those who appear ill at the beginning of or during the school day should be isolated and sent home. In a statement, IDSA President Anne Gershon, MD, said, “We are hearing some Monday-morning quarterbacking about whether it was right to raise alarms, close schools, and gear into pandemic mode. But the Infectious Diseases Society of America thinks the . . . CDC has been correct in ramping up the nation’s response—and it’s equally appropriate that CDC is re-evaluating some of the guidance as we learn more about the current behavior of this novel virus.” May 4 CIDRAP News story “CDC, states weigh usefulness of school closures” “Revisions in recommendations are an indication that aswe learn more about the behavior of the virus and its evolutionary changes, we are successfully coping with it,” she added. “Changes in our approach are unavoidable, necessary, and should be expected when we use science to drive our response.” May 5, 2009 (CIDRAP News) – The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) today revised its novel H1N1 influenza (swine flu) guidance for schools, urging schools and parents to identify and isolate sick children rather than close schools when cases are identified or suspected. See also: May 5 HHS press release The initial guidance, issued May 1, advised schools with confirmed or suspected cases to close for up to 14 days, depending on the scope and severity of illness.
The Administrative Department for Health and Social Welfare of the County of Istria and the Tourist Board of Istria have issued an information leaflet on the provision of health services for tourists.The leaflet is intended primarily for employees in tourism, as a source of detailed information, in Croatian, Italian, English and German, and the leaflet lists the health services that public institutions in the Istrian County provide to tourists during the summer of 2017.If we want to develop tourism, if so, then we must definitely care about guests. This is just one of the proofs of how a strategic and planned tourist destination, as well as the care of guests. This is an extremely important document that gives a sense of security to tourists, yet they are foreigners in our country and something that is logical to us and generally known to them is not. Also, the document was written in Croatian, English, Italian and German and was excellent, as well as the obligation of all hoteliers and hosts in family accommodation, if we care about guests, to print it out and keep it in their accommodation facilities, in order to each guest was provided with important emergency information.Distribute and print a flyer about providing health services for tourists, guests will be grateful to you, they will feel safer, and you will show how much you care about your guests.Side dish: Leaflet on the provision of health services for touristsImportant tourist information available in 5 foreign languages In addition to leaflets on the provision of health services for tourists, the website of the Tourist Board of Istria (page available in Croatian, English, German, Italian, Russian, Dutch and French) offers a variety of interesting, service and important information for tourists, from informational tips on all services to embassy contacts. Be sure to guide your tourists and introduce them to this important information. See more about important information for tourists hereUnfortunately, for now only the Tourist Board of Istria offers this important information to its guests, but it’s up to the people to copy, in fact, and take care of their tourists. It is no coincidence that Istria is where it is in terms of tourism, it is there because it develops tourism in a planned and strategic way and does not sell only the sun and the sea. Of course, nothing is ideal, but Istria certainly deserves the title of tourist leader with by far the most overnight stays and arrivals. And the proof of that is how it is from January to June most overnight stays were realized in Istria (6.82 million overnight stays), followed by Kvarner (3.92 million overnight stays) and the Split-Dalmatia County (3.88 million overnight stays).I urge you to share this important information with your guests as well as a flyer on the provision of health services for tourists, because ultimately you live off tourism and tourists, right?Let them care about them. Related news: IN THE FIRST SIX MONTHS GROWTH OF 22 PERCENT IN ARRIVALS AND 23 PERCENT IN NIGHTS
The Virovitica-based company Palković presented a new product to the public at the Pannonian Wood Competence Center in Virovitica, the ecological hotel model room “Historion” designed by Krunoslav Kovač.The Palković model room project was developed by Palković in cooperation with the Pannonian Wood Competence Center, and was co-financed by the Ministry of Agriculture based on the allocation of small value aid to encourage the development of wood processing and furniture production in Croatia in 2017. “Our goal was to create a Croatian hotel room, of well-known origin and author, with HR elements, Slavonian oak, Croatian design, Croatian manufacturer, innovative approach, with the implementation of cultural heritage elements, and the application of advanced technologies in design and production and ecological performance.” pointed out Ivana Filipović, director of the Pannonian Wood Competence Center for the Historion model room project.The light motif of the whole concept is based on the implementation of cultural heritage elements – stylized symbols on the Orion vessel (the oldest European calendar dating from 2.600 BC and found at the site of the archeological site in Vinkovci and part of the Vučedol culture. So seven signs are shown on the vessel. Orion can be found on individual pieces of furniture and accompanying facilities that form a whole presentation of Croatian history. “By combining historical elements and modern technology, we wanted to send the message that the entire project of the model room is based on Croatian cultural heritage. ” emphasized the designer and author of the Historiona project, Krunoslav Kovač, and added that this room has its own peculiarities. ” The lamps have USB ports, and the light in the closet turns on automatically and after closing the door, after 15 seconds – just turns off. Much like in the “fridge”. These innovations are a novelty in Croatia. ” concluded Kovac.With this product, we wanted to send a message to hotel guests to stay in spaces that have a multifaceted message based on the original Croatian heritage. “We want to present foreign and domestic tourists with an original, traditional, functional Croatian interior. The furniture is fully compliant with applicable legislation – pointed out Željko Palković, director and owner of the Palković company.Until now, the company Palković doo was mostly based on the production of panel furniture, but they also wanted a kind of turnaround. ”I came up with the idea to start producing something completely new, to develop a completely new concept of market turning. After contacting the designer Krunoslav Kovač, we came up with the idea to produce this massive hotel room, while we agreed with the Pannonian Wood Competence Center to design and design this model room. We are satisfied with what has been done. ” Palkovic concludes.The presentation in Virovitica, which was also attended by Virovitica-Podravina County Prefect Igor Andrović with deputies Marija Klement and Darko Žužak, as well as the Mayor of Virovitica Ivica Kirin, was attended by potential buyers of Historion, from Croatia and Austria.- This is proof of how top products can be produced in our environment, because in Virovitica-Podravina County, with a long rich tradition of wood processing sector, we have a modern Pannonian Wood Competence Center where no idea is impossible, which is best seen from the example of Historion – said, among other things, Virovitica-Podravina County Prefect Igor Andrović.Apparently, the exemplary room Historion, in terms of quality of performance, belongs to the category of rooms with four or five stars. In Palković, they hope that this performance, a completely Croatian product, from idea to realization, will satisfy future customers with the production of future capacities that will create new jobs because they could equip dozens of hotels with this completely Croatian product annually.Related news:HOTEL ESPLANADE RECOGNIZED THE QUALITY OF CROATIAN FASHION DESIGN AND CREATED A COLLECTION OF NEW UNIFORMS FOR HOTEL RECEPTION EMPLOYEESLUXURY TOURISM IS NOT GOLDEN FAUCETS BUT QUALITY DESIGNCROATIAN DESIGN AS A TOURIST PRODUCT?EXCELLENT COOPERATION! PRIMA FURNITURE EQUIPPED BLUESUN 5-STAR HOTELS
Ministarstvo poljoprivrede danas je potpisalo ugovore o sufinanciranju izrade specifikacije poljoprivrednog ili prehrambenog proizvoda za zaštitu naziva oznakom izvornosti, oznakom zemljopisnog podrijetla ili zajamčeno tradicionalnog specijaliteta vrijedne 447.000 kuna sa 6 skupina proizvođača poljoprivrednih i prehrambenih proizvoda koji su sudjelovali u Natječaju za dodjelu potpore male vrijednosti iz Programa u 2017. godini. Tako će se sufinancirat izrada specifikacije za Komiški rogač, Istarsku kobasicu, Dalmatinsku janjetinu, Čepinski kupus, Krčke šurlice i Meso turopoljske svinje.Programom Ministarstva poljoprivrede „Potpora skupinama proizvođača za izradu Specifikacije poljoprivrednog ili prehrambenog proizvoda za zaštitu naziva oznakom izvornosti, oznakom zemljopisnog podrijetla ili kao zajamčeno tradicionalni specijalitet“ potiču se skupine odnosno udruženja proizvođača na pokretanje postupka zaštite naziva proizvoda jednom od oznaka iz EU sustava kvalitete za poljoprivredne i prehrambene proizvode. Proizvođačima se tako financijski olakšava početna faza postupka zaštite naziva proizvoda koji je dugotrajan i iziskuje značajna financijska sredstva.”Svako naše mjesto ima neku svoju specifičnost, neku tradiciju pripreme hrane i sve to treba staviti na papir i sačuvati od zlouporabe imena i od zaborava. Do sada smo zaštitili 17 proizvoda na EU razini, a još 18 ih je u nekoj od faza zaštite. I za iduću godinu planiramo izdašna sredstva za ovaj vid pomoći proizvođačima, a stručne službe Ministarstva na raspolaganju su proizvođačima u svakom trenutku. Sav teret zaštite je na proizvođačima, bez njihove složnosti i volje nema zaštite, ali mi smo ovdje za savjet, financijsku i drugu pomoć, a prije svega za suradnju.Said Minister Tomislav Tolusic.Potpora podrazumijeva dodjelu namjenskih bespovratnih novčanih sredstava za izradu Specifikacije proizvoda, a pokriva 80% ukupnih troškova. Visina potpore po pojedinom korisniku iznosi do 75.000 kn. Ukupno je u protekle tri godine dodijeljeno 1,7 milijuna kuna za 31 projekt zaštite naziva proizvoda.Motiv putovanja je upoznati i doživjeti novi način i kulturu življenja, a autentičnost je sama esencija turizma. Što više ovakvih autentičnih priča to bolje jer one su naše bogatstvo. <br />
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Tijekom Mediterana 365 bit će organizirane B2B radionice za izlagače s govornicima koji predstavljaju postignuća medicine, nacionalne zdravstvene organizacije, pružatelje usluga, specijalizirane međunarodne putničke agencije i osiguravajuća društva. Mediteran365 također predstavlja niz predavanja o trendovima, inovacijama i ključevima uspjeha u zdravstvenom turizmu.See more about the 1st Health Tourism Fair in Split here The first health tourism fair will be held in Split from April 27 to 30 at the Atrium Hotel.Okupit će medicinare i predstavnike iz turizma, predstavnike turističkih agencija, avio kompanije, distributere smještaja i opreme, velike i male centre za uljepšavanje kao i ostale jednako važne sudionike u promicanju zdrave hrane i zdravog načina života na Mediteranu – 365 dana. Osim hrvatskih, na Sajmu će se predstaviti i sudionici iz susjednih zemalja i cijele Europe, više od 30 zemaljaPrvi sajam zdravstvenog turizma “Mediteran 365” na jednom mjestu okuplja predstavnike medicinske i turističke struke s jedinstvenim ciljem produljenja turističke sezone i privlačenja većeg broja turista u segmentu koji još nije do kraja iskorišten, a ima veliki potencijal za razvoj – medicinski turizam ističe Biljana Mančić, direktorica sajma te dodaje „Upravo u tome organizatori Sajma vide perspektivu razvoja turizma i na našem području s ciljem ostvarenja 365 dana sezone. Vjerujemo da ćemo imati izuzetne koristi od ove informacije i od Sajma Mediteran 365, za koji smatramo da je potreban upravo sada i ovdje kako bi pridonio upravljanju destinacijom kao poželjnim odredištem “zlatne generacije” turista namjernika. ”Pointed out Mančić.
The first conference on golf tourism with the topic “Prospects for the development of Croatia’s golf offer” will be held from 28-29.5 May. in Porec.During the conference, attractive panels, educational workshops at the scientific and professional level and the presentation of positive international examples of the development of golf tourism will be held.“Our goal is to inform and educate about one of the most competitive and most profitable forms of tourism in the world, all interested stakeholders and create a positive perception of golf development in the public, which has an impact on golf development policy in Croatia. ” points out Sunčana Matić from Lux promotion. The purpose is also to educate the administration from the state to the local level on certain aspects of golf in order to speed up the process of issuing the necessary solutions, permits and other work needed to build a golf course and attract investors.On the first day, there will be a panel discussion, presentation of positive international examples of golf development, lectures at the scientific-professional level. Participants have the opportunity to interact and share experiences with tourism leaders and golf experts. The second day will be held in cooperation with the Croatian Golf Association and Parentium Golf Club, a golf school at the golf course in Zelena Laguna under the leadership of Dražen Slamar, a golf advisor and Diego Žužić, a member of the Croatian golf team.For more information, see the Golf Tourism Conference here
According to the European Statistical Office, Croatia is in the group of EU countries whose inhabitants travel the least, he reports tportal.Of the world’s 45 most visited tourist destinations, Croatia has the largest difference between tourist revenues and costs. According to the statistics of the World Travel and Tourism Council in 2016, Croatian tourism earned 9.8 billion US dollars, while at the same time we left only 0.8 billion dollars in foreign countries. Regardless of the fact that the amount of income is 12 times higher than the money we leave elsewhere, this is an indicator of extremely low activity of Croats in terms of foreign travel.Croatia thus found itself alongside Romania, where every fourth inhabitant spent a holiday outside their place of residence in 2016. The Portuguese, Bulgarians, Greeks and Italians travel the least, followed by Croatia. In Croatia, as many as 56% of the population stayed at home during their holidays. The main reason for these disappointing statistics is, of course, money. One of the 45 most desirable tourist destinations in the world has the biggest difference between tourist revenues and expenditures. More than half of the population of Croatia in 2016 did not leave their place of residence during their vacation.Money and financial problems are a major barrier to all age groups, except in residents aged 65 and over, who primarily cite health problems as a barrier.SOURCE: EurostatThis problem is reflected in the type of accommodation and the structure of travel undertaken by the percentage of Croatians who leave their place of residence once a year as tourists and for several days. As many as 71,5% of them spend the night in unpaid accommodation, with relatives or friends and in their own cottages. In other words, this means that only 10% of citizens can afford paid accommodation.Almost two thirds of the population, or 62% of them, can afford a multi-day trip once a year in the European Union. A third travel abroad, but most still spend their holidays in one of the domestic tourist destinations.The most active tourist nations are the Finns, where only 8,6% of the population does not travel, followed by the Dutch, Luxembourgers, Czechs and Danes. Also, it should be noted that the EU average in terms of inactive population is 37,9%, and only a small proportion of respondents cited reasons other than lack of money, health reasons and business obligations for their inactivity.Side dish: EUROSTAT / Over one-third of EU’s population did not take a tourism trip in 2016
Hoteliers in Dalmatia have received confirmation that they have probably the best business year behind them so far.They had the highest average occupancy, capacity utilization was as much as 20 percent better than the average hotelier in Croatia, and they achieved the highest prices of their services, which are almost 30 percent better than the average hotel prices in the country. In addition, they have the highest total average income per available hotel room, the research showed “Benchmarking of the Croatian hotel industry“For October.Hoteliers in the four Dalmatian counties of Zadar, Šibenik-Knin, Split-Dalmatia and Dubrovnik-Neretva counties for the first time surpassed their colleagues from all other regions in business and revenue results, thus finding themselves at the top of the hotel business, which for decades was reserved for successful hoteliers from Istria, point out the Tourist Board of Split-Dalmatia County.Source: University of Rijeka, Faculty of Management in Tourism and HospitalityThe research showed that the average utilization of hotel capacities in Croatia until September this year was 86 percent, and Dalmatia at the same time had an average utilization of hotel capacities of 89 percent, which is three percentage points more than in Istria. For four months (from June to the end of September), Dalmatian hoteliers were at 90 to 98 percent occupancy. Their average income per room was 116 euros in July and August. At the same time, in Istria, the average income per room was 87 euros per room.The goal of the Benchmarking project is to collect business data online and compare the achieved results with the average of the competition. The Faculty of Management in Tourism and Hospitality is the leader of this project, the development of which begins with the successful implementation of the Benchmarking of the Croatian hotel industry. A total of 112 hotels participated in the survey with a total of 23.423 accommodation units, which is 40,5% of the total hotel accommodation capacity in Croatia.Attachment: BENCHMARKING OF CROATIAN HOSPITALITY
Rural tourism Kezele “I am extremely proud of my family and myself that we received an international award for a project we have been developing together for almost 20 years. Our project was chosen not as a special form of tourism, but in general as one of the most creative tourism projects based on identity. In our case, it is the identity of the Croatian village, the region of Moslavina and the heritage we have preserved. We are particularly pleased that the project was selected at the level of the whole of Southeast Europe, which in this selection included the area from Italy and Austria in the west to Greece and Turkey in the east. An impartial jury made up of architects, designers and tourism experts covered this part of Europe and made an objective selection of the best without lobbying and politics. A way of working that is unknown within domestic institutions. This award is a confirmation to us that our work is relevant at the international level and an incentive to think further about the development of our concept and the destination in which we find ourselves.”, Said the winner of the” Big SEE “award in the category” Creative story and identity as experience “Janko Kezele from Rural tourism Kezele. In the evening, an event called “Design Room” was held where renowned chefs presented the specialties of their countries. The “Big SEE” project brings together individuals, institutions and entrepreneurs from Albania, Austria, Bulgaria, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Cyprus, the Czech Republic, Greece, Croatia, Italy, Hungary, Kosovo, Northern Macedonia, the Republic of Moldova, Montenegro, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Serbia and Turkey, home to over 340 million people. The aim of the conference was to establish a dialogue between tourism service providers, investors, architects and designers in order to encourage the development of local communities in order to transform them into innovative and sustainable tourist destinations. Already the 17th “Month of Design” in Ljubljana brought together the best architects and other individuals from 19 countries in Southeast Europe. During the “Creative Tourism” conference, held on October 17, the “Big SEE” awards were presented, including several winners from Croatia. Source / photo: Big SEE You can find more information about the “Big SEE” award HERE.˛ In the category “Architecture and design as experience”, the award was given to Damir Stanišić, director Plitvice Holiday Resort koji je dodao kako ih veseli što su privukli i domaće goste, koji su treći po broju dolazaka i noćenja. „It turned out to be an idea and a product, a complete hit and we see that we need to invest in additional content and products because that is the only way we can stand out from the competition. We are also proud that the whole project, from the idea, design, architecture, execution of works, etc., is a 100% Croatian product. The magnet and the primary motive for coming are of course the Plitvice Lakes National Park, but certainly as we have to show our guests much more, from Rastoke, zipline, paintball, Deer Valley, Barač Cave… various quality additional facilities so guests can definitely spend 4 to 5 days, without being bored”, He said, adding that they are happy to have attracted domestic guests, who are third in the number of arrivals and overnight stays. Pine Beach Pakoštane – Adriatic Eco Resort,arhitekata A R I E S, Juračić i Skorup, Seoski turizam Kezele – Janko i DragoKezele, Eko farma Repro – Dragica, Dragutin, Nina i Karla Repar i PlitviceHoliday Resort, arhitekata Abstracto Studio, mogu se ponositi svojim nagradamaimajući u vidu da predstavljaju najbolje u svojim državama jer svojim idejama iradom kontinuirano inspiriraju ljude u svojim zajednicama i šire. Plitvice Holiday Resort