FRISCO, Texas – The Southland Conference and its broadcast partners have revealed game selections and start times for football games to be played on Saturday, Nov. 3.The Southland Game of the Week on ESPN3 will feature Sam Houston State at Incarnate Word. The Cardinals are coming off their first win over a ranked team in school history, as UIW topped then-number 6 McNeese last weekend. It’ll be homecoming and senior day at Benson Stadium in San Antonio.Saturday, Nov. 3Sam Houston State at Incarnate Word, 2 p.m. CT, ESPN3Nicholls at Houston Baptist, 2 p.m. CT, Southland Digital NetworkNorthwestern State at Abilene Christian, 2 p.m. CT, ACU Stretch Internet PortalMcNeese at Southeastern Louisiana, 2:30 p.m. CT, Cox Sports TVLamar at Central Arkansas, 6 p.m. CT, Eleven SportsCox Sports Television is set to feature Pelican State rivals McNeese and Southeastern Louisiana, with kickoff moved to 2:30 pm CT. The network is available on cable providers throughout Louisiana and the Gulf South. An ESPN3 stream will be available outside Cox’s territory.Eleven Sports will present a nationally televised broadcast of Lamar at Central Arkansas. The network is available on DirecTV 623 and various cable providers, plus the matchup will be simulcast regionally on Cox Sports Televison and streamed on the Southland Digital Network.The Southland Conference Digital Network will feature Nicholls at Houston Baptist. It can be viewed on Southland.org/live and Southland Conference apps, available for iPhone, Android, Apple TV, Amazon Fire TV and Roku.Northwestern State at Abilene Christian will stream via ACU’s institutional platform from Stretch Internet.Broadcast selections for Oct. 27 were announced last Monday.
Carpio hits red carpet treatment for China Coast Guard PLAY LIST 02:14Carpio hits red carpet treatment for China Coast Guard02:56NCRPO pledges to donate P3.5 million to victims of Taal eruption00:56Heavy rain brings some relief in Australia02:37Calm moments allow Taal folks some respite03:23Negosyo sa Tagaytay City, bagsak sa pag-aalboroto ng Bulkang Taal01:13Christian Standhardinger wins PBA Best Player award DeMar DeRozan scored 19 points, Jonas Valanciunas had 18 points and 13 rebounds and the Raptors beat the Hornets 103-98 on Sunday night, Toronto’s 11th win in 12 games.Ahead by 13 points to begin the fourth quarter, Toronto saw its lead dwindle to two before DeRozan and Lowry made key 3-pointers.FEATURED STORIESSPORTSGinebra beats Meralco again to capture PBA Governors’ Cup titleSPORTSTim Cone, Ginebra set their sights on elusive All-Filipino crownSPORTSAfter winning title, time for LA Tenorio to give back to Batangas folk“It wasn’t a pretty game,” Raptors coach Dwane Casey said. “Last year we probably would have lost that game, but we were mature enough to make plays, the right plays.”Serge Ibaka scored 17 points and Lowry had 14 points and 10 rebounds as the Raptors completed their first season sweep of Charlotte since 2006-07. Toronto improved to 26-5 at Air Canada Centre, the best home record in the NBA. Hornets: F-C Cody Zeller returned after missing the previous two games because of a sore left knee. He fouled out with six points. … G-F Dwayne Bacon missed the game with an illness. … Michael Carter-Williams returned in the third quarter after suffering a sprained left shoulder in the second.Raptors: F OG Anunoby (sprained right ankle) missed his second straight game. “It’s not going to be a long-term thing,” Casey said of Anunoby’s injury. Malcolm Miller made his first career start.CRIME SPREEBatum has at least one steal in 11 consecutive games, the longest streak of his career.AS GOOD AS OVERThe Raptors are 39-1 when they lead through three quarters. The lone exception was a Dec. 11 road defeat to the Clippers in which Toronto led 74-70 after three.UP NEXTHornets: Open a three-game homestand against the 76ers on Tuesday. Charlotte lost at Philadelphia last Friday, their first meeting of the season. The teams play three more times before April 2.Raptors: Host Atlanta on Tuesday. Toronto has won its past three meetings with the Hawks. Toronto Raptors center Jonas Valanciunas, front left, battles for the ball with Charlotte Hornets centre Dwight Howard (12) during first-half NBA basketball game action in Toronto, Sunday, March 4, 2017. (Frank Gunn/The Canadian Press via AP)TORONTO — After three double-digit losses to Toronto, the Charlotte Hornets finally turned in a strong performance against the Raptors.Unfortunately, it still wasn’t enough to beat the Eastern Conference leaders.ADVERTISEMENT MOST READ Sports Related Videospowered by AdSparcRead Next Sea turtle trapped in net freed in Legazpi City View comments “Purposeful offense, smart play, and very good defense,” Clifford said. “That’s what we’re capable of. If we are serious about making a run here, that’s what we’re capable of.”The Hornets are 5.5 games behind Miami for the final playoff spot in the Eastern Conference with 18 games remaining.“We need to build on what happened here tonight in the fourth quarter,” Clifford said.A downcast Walker wasn’t as encouraged as his coach.“We lost,” Walker said. “That’s all I’m really looking at right now until we watch the film.”Charlotte’s Michael Kidd-Gilchrist scored the game’s opening basket but the Hornets never led again.The Hornets cut the deficit to two, 88-86, on a three-point play by Lamb with 5:11 left in the fourth quarter. Lowry answered with a 3 for Toronto and, after Walker split a pair at the line, DeRozan added a corner 3, giving Toronto a 93-87 lead with 3:22 remaining. “We just tried to do what we could to stay in the game and win it down the stretch but those guys are really good,” Walker said. “They just made plays.”This was the first time in four meetings with Charlotte this season that the Raptors failed to score at least 120 points. Toronto had won the past three meetings this season by 13 points or more.TIP-INS Jiro Manio arrested for stabbing man in Marikina Lights inside SMX hall flicker as Duterte rants vs Ayala, Pangilinan anew Phivolcs records 2 ‘discrete weak ash explosions’ at Taal Volcano It’s too early to present Duterte’s ‘legacy’ – Lacson Don’t miss out on the latest news and information. “They’re playing as well as anyone in our league at this point,” Hornets guard Kemba Walker said. “They move the ball really well, they trust each other.”Fred VanVleet and C.J. Miles each scored 12 points for the Raptors, who have won four straight since an overtime loss to Milwaukee on Feb. 23.Walker scored 27 points and Dwight Howard had 10 points and 10 rebounds for the Hornets, who lost their third straight, all on the road. Charlotte is 10-21 away from home.Jeremy Lamb scored 16 points, Frank Kaminsky had 15 and Nicolas Batum added 10.Despite the outcome, Hornets coach Steve Clifford said he liked what he saw in the final quarter.ADVERTISEMENT Phivolcs records 2 ‘discrete weak ash explosions’ at Taal Volcano Steam emission over Taal’s main crater ‘steady’ for past 24 hours UK plans Brexit celebrations but warns businesses may suffer Oladipo, Pacers hold off Wizards GALLERY: Barangay Ginebra back as PBA Governors’ Cup kings LATEST STORIES
Steve Bruce has insisted he will reinvest the funds from Shane Long’s exit back into the transfer market in order to strengthen his Hull side for the new Premier League season.The Irish striker secured a £12million switch to Southampton this week, having only arrived at the KC Stadium in January.Tigers boss Bruce says he is targeting moves for three new players before the window shuts at the end of the month, and is convinced the side will emerge stronger thanks to the “fabulous” fee received from Long’s transfer.“We thought the offer that came in was too good to turn down,” he said. “We will reinvest the money into the squad and I think the squad will be better for it.“I would still like at least another three players to come through the doors and with the money we have got for Shane that allows me to do that, so we will be active over the next few weeks.”He added: “We’ve done fantastically well over the last couple of years. We’ve never been here [in the Premier League] for two years so that is the challenge.“In my experience the second season is always the most difficult because the expectation has risen a bit.“We’ve brought in four or five players to strengthen the squad. The main thing is for the club to stay in the Premier League and that’s what we’ve got to do.“Everybody expects us to be better than we were last year and if we can manage it that would great.” Former Hull striker Shane Long 1
Nigeria will visit the Seychelles on September 7, looking to bounce back from their opening Group E defeat by South Africa.Seychelles were thrashed 5-1 by Libya in their first game.Former Chelsea midfielder Mikel, who now plays for Tianjin TEDA in China, has been excused from the team after only recently recovering from injury, but strikers Odion Ighalo and Ahmed Musa are in the squad.Galatasaray forward Henry Onyekuru and Ola Aina have been recalled, while Kelechi Nwakali, new Bordeaux signing Samuel Kalu and Jamilu Collins are fresh call-ups.Both Onyekuru and Aina, who is on loan at Torino from Chelsea, did not make the squad for the World Cup, where Nigeria were knocked out by a dramatic 2-1 loss to Argentina.Nigeria squad: Goalkeepers: Francis Uzoho (Deportivo La Coruna/ESP), Daniel Akpeyi (Chippa United/RSA), Ikechukwu Ezenwa (Enyimba)Defenders: William Troost-Ekong (Udinese/ITA), Leon Balogun (Brighton/ENG), Jamiu Collins (SC Paderborn/GER), Bryan Idowu (Lokomotiv Moscow/RUS), Chidozie Awaziem (FC Porto/POR), Ola Aina (Torino/ITA), Semi Ajayi (Rotherham United/ENG), Kenneth Omeruo (Leganes/ESP)Midfielders: John Ogu (Hapoel Beer Sheva/ISR), Oghenekaro Etebo (Stoke/ENG), Ogenyi Onazi (Trabzonspor/TUR), Wilfred Ndidi (Leicester/ENG), Joel Obi (Chievo/ITA), Kelechi Nwakali (FC Porto/POR)Forwards: Alex Iwobi (Arsenal/ENG), Ahmed Musa (Al-Nassr/KSA), Samuel Kalu (Bordeaux/FRA), Kelechi Iheanacho (Leicester/ENG), Odion Ighalo (Changchun Yatai/CHN), Henry Onyekuru (Galatasary/TUR), Simeon Nwankwo (Crotone/ITA)0Shares0000(Visited 2 times, 1 visits today) 0Shares0000Nigeria midfielder John Obi Mikel to miss AFCON Qualifier clashABUJA, Nigeria, Aug 24 – Nigeria captain John Obi Mikel will miss his side’s Africa Cup of Nations qualifier against the Seychelles next month, but coach Gernot Rohr still named 16 World Cup players in his squad on Friday.Chelsea star Victor Moses retired from international football after the Super Eagles’ group-stage elimination from the World Cup in Russia, although Arsenal winger Alex Iwobi and Leicester pair Wilfred Ndidi and Kelechi Iheanacho are available.
Uwe Rosler 1 Uwe Rosler has been sacked as manager of Leeds United.The German was only appointed in the summer, replacing Neil Redfearn, but has been shown the door by the club’s owner Massimo Cellino just 11 games into the Championship season.Rosler oversaw just two wins from his 11 league matches and Saturday’s 2-1 defeat at home to Brighton has proved to be his final game in charge.A brief statement posted by the club on Twitter read: “#lufc can confirm that Uwe Rosler has parted company with the club. A full statement will be released later today.”Former Rotherham boss Steve Evans is understood to be Cellino’s top target to replace Rosler and could be installed by Monday afternoon.Evans will become the sixth manager appointed by Cellino since his takeover of the club in April 2014.As well as Rosler and Redfearn, the controversial Italian businessman has also dispensed with the services of Brian McDermott, Dave Hockaday and Darko Milanic during his Elland Road tenure.Evans will be a hugely controversial appointment by the Leeds chief.The 52-year-old has enjoyed success with Crawley and Rotherham, but is not a popular figure with many football fans.He has courted controversy throughout his career and was found guilty of tax fraud for disguising wages and bonuses as expenses during his time as Boston manager between 1997-2002.
silverware England Under-19 international Jadon Sancho has signed a new contract with Borussia Dortmund, the Bundesliga club have announced.Sancho, at the Manchester City academy until last year, has extended his stay at the Westfalenstadion until the summer of 2022. REVEALED Which teams do the best on Boxing Day in the Premier League era? Where Ancelotti ranks with every Premier League boss for trophies won Sporting director Michael Zorc describes Sancho as one of Europe’s most exciting players BEST OF LATEST FOOTBALL NEWS “I can really make outstanding progress here. I’m happy, delighted and proud to be part of this team. We’re building something incredible.”Sancho scored five goals and contributed seven assists during his debut season with Dortmund.Dortmund sporting director Michael Zorc said: “Jadon Sancho is without doubt one of the most exciting players in Europe.“This contract extension acknowledges the extremely positive development he’s made.” MONEY Sancho has impressed in the Bundesliga England’s most successful clubs of the past decade, according to trophies won RANKED Ronaldo warned Lukaku how hard scoring goals in Serie A would be before Inter move Every time Ally McCoist lost it on air in 2019, including funny XI reactions Forbes list reveals how much Mayweather, Ronaldo and Messi earned this decade ADVICE 2 2 It is reward for the 18-year-old’s impressive start to the season which has seen him score one goal and provide the assist for six others, despite starting only one match this campaign, as Dortmund have moved to the top of the table in Germany.Sancho told the club’s official website: “I’m so happy that I chose to come to Dortmund a year ago. Everything I was hoping for has come true: this city loves football like no other, and at BVB young players get regular playing time. Top nine Premier League free transfers of the decade REVEALED huge blow Oxlade-Chamberlain suffers another setback as Klopp confirms serious injury
GETTING excited for the Big Match?Donegal v Kerry in the All Ireland Final is just four more sleeps!And tonight at the Mount Errigal Hotel in Letterkenny there is a star-studded panel for our ‘Up for the Match’ live special. Going GAA GAA for Sam features a top line-up and is brought to you by Donegal Daily and St Eunan’s GAA Club.Straight off we have the best presenter bar none in Charlie Collins. With almost 30 years broadcasting experience going back to DCR and Highland Radio, where his match commentaries and knowledge were surely the best in the local radio business. Charlie now has a big online presence through his Talking Sport and Donegal TV mediums (also on Sky).Charlie will be interviewing a fantastic line-up of guests that Up For the Match will find hard to top on Saturday night on RTE!!Firstly we have Irish Broadcasting legend (and Kerry man!) Micheál Ó Muircheartaigh.We also have former Donegal star and two-time All-Star, Gaoth Dobhair clubman Kevin Cassidy.Then we have Tyrone Manager Mickey Harte. Mickey has led to Tyrone to not 1, not 2 but 3 All-Ireland Football triumphs with 2 of those coming against our opponents on Sunday, Kerry.Mickey will be able to breakdown in detail what Donegal will need to do to beat the Kingdom and take Sam home to the Hills for the 3rd time in our history.Finally we are pleased to announce that we have a fourth guest to add to our already stellar line-up….. He is one of Ireland’s most decorated footballers at both club and county level winning 6 All-Ireland Club titles, 1 All-Ireland SFC, too many Ulster titles at both club and county level to mention and his story of addiction and redemption was a show stopper when he visited 3 years ago…. It is Crossmaglen’s Oisin McConville who can be found on the airwaves now on both RTE radio and BBC Ulster as an expert analyst.It really is a night not to be missed and admission is just €10 (half that for U16s). There are no tickets – you can pay at the door!! Be sure to arrive early for the BEST Preview Show in town!Doors open 7.30pm…throw-in is at 8pm sharp.There will be a donation to the Donegal Training fund from any profits raised.COUNTDOWN TO CROKER: JOIN US THIS EVENING FOR AN INCREDIBLE ‘UP FOR THE MATCH’ LIVE AT THE MOUNT ERRIGAL HOTEL was last modified: September 17th, 2014 by John2Share this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window) Tags:donegalKerryKevin CassidyMICHEAL O MUIRCHEARRTAIGHmickey harteMount Errigal HotelOisin McConvilleUp For The Match
Donegal County Council has revealed that a huge increase in the percentage of dogs being re-homed from its Dog Shelter has jumped significantly from 43% in 2011 to 76% in 2014.County Vet, Charles Kealey stated that in 2014, 632 dogs passed through the Donegal County Council Dog Shelter. Of these 383 were seized by the Wardens and 249 were handed over. 45 were reclaimed by their owners, 9 were re-homed directly by the Shelter and 427 were transferred to Dog welfare groups (animal charities) and 150 were put to sleep.“We are delighted with the increase in the number of dogs rehomed and this is testament to the great work done by the staff in the Dog Shelter as well as the co-operation that we have received from local and national dog welfare organisations” he said.Dogs enter the Dog Shelter either because they have been handed over by a member of the public who can no longer keep them or because the Dog Warden has seized them following complaints made by members of the public. “People may no longer be able to keep their dog for a number of reasons such as old age, illness, moving home etc.“Responsible dog owners will leave their dog into the shelter if they cannot find a suitable home for it.“This prevents the dog from becoming a nuisance and also means the dog will not be exposed to the welfare problems associated with straying.“Stray dogs are liable to encounter a number of welfare problems including malnutrition, disease, injury through traffic accidents and fighting or abusive treatment”.“Dogs are seized when members of the public make complaints about dogs causing a nuisance.“Such complaints include straying, biting, fouling, aggressive behaviour sheep worrying etc. On these occasions the dog warden visits the area in question and removes any stray dogs,” said Mr Kealey. All dogs must have a dog licence. Donegal County Council issued 7,931 dog licences in 2014. Individual dog licences last for one year from the date of issue and cost €20.00.Dog licences can be purchased at any post office or online at donegalcoco.ie.Dog owners can buy a ‘Lifetime of Dog’ licence. This is valid for the dog’s lifetime and costs €140. A “General Dog Licence” (which costs €400) is a licence allowing a person to keep an unspecified number of dogs at one designated premises and is valid for one year from the date of issue.The dog shelter is situated at Glencar, Letterkenny and is open Monday to Saturday inclusive from 10.30 am until 1.30 pm. The Dog Wardens can be contacted on (074) 9125159.COUNCIL REVEAL HUGE INCREASE IN DOGS BEING RE-HOMED IN DONEGAL was last modified: May 29th, 2015 by Mark ForkerShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window)Tags:Featuresnews
The County Donegal Heritage Office, Culture Division, Donegal County Council in association with the Donegal Education Centre will launch the ‘Heritage & Habitat in Your Community’ Teachers’ Guide in the Donegal Education Centre, Quay Street, Donegal Town on Wednesday, October 11, 2017 at 7:30pm. The event is open to the public and light refreshments will be served.The purpose of the ‘Heritage & Habitat in Your Community’ schools’ initiative was to raise awareness of natural habitats in local communities and to encourage habitat surveying and recording, explained Joseph Gallagher, County Donegal Heritage Officer. He said “In 2013 and 2014, transition year students from Magh Éne College, Bundoran and St. Columba’s Comprehensive School, Glenties were provided with guidance on how to survey, record and map habitats in the local community. The project highlighted the linkages between habitat surveying and the secondary-level curriculum in Geography. Ecologists Billy Flynn and Éanna Ní Lamhna worked with the students and their teachers in these two schools and the teachers’ guide has been prepared to assist teachers with the teaching, surveying and recording of various habitat types through the secondary school curriculum.”A number of common habitats in County Donegal are addressed in the guide.In addition to the coastal habitats explored by students from Magh Ene College, Bundoran and bogland habitats investigated by students from St. Columba’s Comprehensive School, Glenties, habitats such as freshwater habitats, grassland habitats, deciduous woodlands and hedgerows are covered in the guide.The flora and fauna present in these habitats are outlined and guidance on undertaking fieldwork, surveying and recording is provided along with sample worksheets and suggestions for additional resources. Authors Billy Flynn and Éanna Ní Lamhna note that “In Primary Schools, the Social, Environmental and Scientific Education curriculum ensures that pupils leave at the age of twelve with considerable knowledge about the wildlife present in local habitats. In Post-Primary Schools however, this knowledge is allowed to lapse. Apart from a small ecology section in the Biology Section of the Junior Cert Science syllabus, pupils are not taught about heritage and habitat until fifth year and only then if they study geography or biology. This guide therefore is to enable Transition Year teachers carry out a habitat and heritage study with their pupils, taking account of the level of knowledge they are likely to have at this stage.”The guide will be launched in the Donegal Education Centre, Floor 2/3, Pier 1, Quay Street, Donegal Town on Wednesday, October 11 at 7:30 p.m. Ecologist, author and broadcaster Éanna Ní Lamhna will give an overview of the teachers’ guide. Éanna Ní Lamhna is the author of ‘Wild Things at School’, a member of the panel on RTÉ ‘Mooney Goes Wild’ radio programme and the wildlife expert on ‘The Six O’Clock Show’ on TV3.This initiative was funded by Donegal County Council, The Heritage Council and the Donegal Education Centre as part of the implementation of the County Donegal Heritage Plan.The ‘Heritage & Habitat in Your Community’ Teachers’ Guide will be made available to all schools through the Donegal Education Centre and on-line at www.donegalcoco.ie/heritage. Copies of the guide will also be available at the launch. If you would like to attend the launch, please contact the County Museum on (074) 912 4613 or by e-mail at email@example.comJust how much do Donegal teachers know about Heritage and Habitat? was last modified: October 9th, 2017 by StephenShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window)
Liquid ethane has been detected in a lake near the south pole of Saturn’s moon Titan, reported JPL yesterday. This confirms long-held suspicions that ethane, a byproduct of methane disruption by the solar wind, accumulates on the surface of the large atmosphere-shrouded moon. A problem remains why there is so little of it. Pre-Cassini predictions envisioned a global ocean of liquid ethane. Nature1 reported observations by the Cassini Visual and Infrared Mapping Spectrometer (VIMS) of a lake near the south pole that had been discovered previously. The specular signal indicated an extremely smooth surface – smoother than any geological process could make. The spectrum of ethane, a hydrocarbon that is liquid at Titan’s surface temperature, confirmed that ethane is present. Ethane is formed when atmospheric methane, CH4, in its gaseous form, is struck by the solar wind in Titan’s upper atmosphere. The bombardment strips off a hydrogen atom. The ionized methane molecules, CH3+, quickly combine into ethane, C2H6, which falls to the surface as rain. A stable molecule, ethane should collect continuously on the surface in pools and lakes. The chemical process is irreversible (03/11/2005). Ethane cannot evaporate back up into the atmosphere, nor can it dissociate back into methane. This should lead to the accumulation of liquid ethane on the surface of Titan over time. Calculations prior to Cassini’s arrival showed that a global ocean of ethane and liquid methane should have accumulated over 4.5 billion years – up to a half-mile deep or more. Pre-arrival radar images from earthbound instruments cast doubt on the presence of a global ocean, but before the Huygens Probe parachuted to the surface (01/15/2005, 01/21/2005), scientists were still hoping for a splash. The probe landed, instead, on a dry lake bed of what appears to be methane-saturated icy sand, with only traces of ethane present. “Before Cassini, scientists thought Titan would have global oceans of methane, ethane and other light hydrocarbons,” the JPL press release stated. “More than 40 close flybys of Titan by Cassini show no such global oceans exist, but hundreds of dark, lake-like features are present.” The southern lake, comparable to the Great Lakes in extent, has been named Ontario Lacus – Lake Ontario. Science Daily posted a picture of the 150-mile-long lake from orbit. It covers 7,800 square miles, slightly larger than its earthly counterpart. How deep is it? VIMS can only constrain the minimum depth to 3/4 of an inch. It could be much deeper. The presence of a beach around the perimeter, though, suggests that the lake is evaporating. Scientists wonder if the lakes migrate from pole to pole as the seasons change during Saturn’s 29.4-year orbit. Cassini has detected more and larger lakes in Titan’s northern latitudes (radar map) than in the south (radar map). The original paper began with the mystery of the missing ethane ocean: “Titan was once thought to have global oceans of light hydrocarbons on its surface, but after 40 close flybys of Titan by the Cassini spacecraft, it has become clear that no such oceans exist.” The statement included references to five papers from 1982 to 1995 predicting an ocean (see 1983 and 1993 abstracts by Lunine), including two by Carl Sagan (1982, 2002). Francois Roulin, commenting on the paper in the same issue of Nature,2 noted that “Titan’s lakes are probably a liquid ethane�methane mixture together with dissolved nitrogen, as previously proposed for the speculative oceans” that turned out to exist only on paper. Jonathan Lunine, who had predicted a global ocean in 1983, told National Geographic News that the lakes “do not hold enough ethane to account for what can be produced over the age of the solar system. So we still have a mystery here.” See also the 02/15/2008 entry. The lake may contain other organic molecules besides ethane. Hydrocarbons and nitriles such as propane, butane, acetylene and benzene have been detected in Titan’s atmosphere, as well as high-mass cluster ions. Cosmic rays bombarding the lakes may produce additional exotic molecules. Artwork tries to convey what an observer might see on this dim world with orange sky; here is another. The surface near the Huygens Probe was actually photographed in realistic color in this historic image from the landing site. Photographs of the descent have been put together into a stunning movie available from the Descent Imager website. Titan turned out to be drier than expected. The equatorial regions are awash in dunes reminiscent of the Namib Desert – except that the particles are made of ice, probably coated with hydrocarbons manufactured in Titan’s bizarre chemical laboratory.1. Brown, Soderblom et al, “The identification of liquid ethane in Titan’s Ontario Lacus,” Nature 454, 607-610 (31 July 2008) | doi:10.1038/nature07100.2. Francois Roulin, “Planetary science: Organic lakes on Titan,” Nature 454, 587-589 (31 July 2008) | doi:10.1038/454587a.Here is a science project crying out for some mathematically-minded person to work on. It can be done right at the desk without special equipment – just a literature search and a calculator. Figure out how long it would take to get the observed lakes on Titan. Inputs are conservative rates of ethane production in the atmosphere and the most optimistic estimates of lake volume. The result should place a severe upper limit on the age of Titan. Scientists have downplayed the severity of this problem. They usually mention it in passing only to change the subject. Usually, they jump to the possibility that Titan’s organic chemistry might have something to say about the origin of life (07/26/2005) – a foolish distraction. Where is the ethane? There should be a huge ocean of it by now, according to their belief in billions of years. Their only escapes now are less credible. They have to claim the chemical process started recently, or that the ethane remains in the atmosphere (how long could that last?), or that the ethane went underground. They never, ever question the billions-of-years age! Their problem would be solved by reducing the age of Titan (and Saturn, and the solar system) by a few orders of magnitude. That would fit this observation and many others (e.g., 04/08/2005, 06/29/2008, 05/05/2008, 03/10/2008, 12/03/2007, 08/04/2007, 07/18/2007, 05/04/2007, 03/31/2007). So here is a challenge. The long-age believers made a prediction that appears to have been falsified. We want to know what they are going to do about it. Don’t let them sweep this problem under the crust.(Visited 38 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0