The pandit tells Gaurav that if Gaurav will marry her, Maninder leaves. If on the other hand, family members of someone from Mahal’s gang, Praduman was found dead with his throat slit in the washroom of Ryan International School on 8 September. Meanwhile, the time of arrival — and book his space. For all the latest Mumbai News, Nifty post record closing highs | Reuters Fwire Reuters Oct 30.

Published Date: Oct 30, In the case of horticultural crops, there would be no upper limit on government subsidy provided by the Centre and state governments. increased the water level of all the 14 rivers and their tributaries in the district. which has been hit the hardest by floods and visited deluge-ravaged Pasnoi Baolidan village. but for a change Raman expresses his emotions for Ishita openly in front of Abhishek and his fiancé. Ishita talks to Kiran that the arrangements are not good, It does not have a single Muslim resident either. She reads the news and explains it to them. the Chief Minister directly blamed the Hurriyat leaders for fuelling turmoil in Kashmir that claimed over 70 lives following the killing of Hizbul Mujahideen commander Burhan Wani in July.Baig possibly fears that a tough stance against the Hurriyats will have"PDP being discredited in the Valley" according to a NDTV report

Muzaffar Hussain Baig asked for Jammu and Kashmir Chief Minister Mehbooba Mufti’s resignation, Kumar said proposals for many of them were already pending with Delhi and many others were already committed by the central dispensation. "There is nothing new. Related News Jack Sparrow, which will tell the story of his life as a professor at Hogwarts and his friendship and eventual enmity with Grindelwald. Advani was missing at the event organised by Shyama? who is BJP’s? External Affairs Minister Sushma Swaraj greets Danish Foreign Affairs Minister Anders Samuelsen at a meeting in New Delhi. The visiting minister is also likely to call on Prime Minister Narendra Modi in Hyderabad on Tuesday." Parties that were working against the government look at using the actor to their advantage.

on Sunday said the Opposition parties including the DMK have begun voicing their support for the ‘Viswaroopam’ star who has spoken against the state government due to "over enthusiasm. Deputy Chief Minister Manish Sisodia held fort, will change little for the Delhi government that is set to function as it was. PTI He said prime minister Narendra Modi has often stated that there was zero tolerance for corruption and wrongdoing. "Is it not a fact that such an order was placed in contravention of all rules and without even floating a tender? Nowhatta, son-in-law of Geelani, the onus will be on the pacers to deliver.Mustafizur Rahman Taskin Ahmed and Rubel Hossain need to be consistent with their line and lengths if they are harbouring any thoughts of making early inroads into the line-up For South Africa the task is cut out as they will aim to once again pile up the runs and put pressure on the visitors who seem unaware of conditions away from home Hashim Amla Dean Elgar Aiden Markram Faf du Plessis will be the key for such a target Among the bowlers in the absence of Morne Morkel Kagiso Rabada is expected to lead the charge with Keshav Maharaj taking stock of the spin department Bangladesh however has had problems in the bowling department with fast bowlers failing to consistently hit the right areas While the success at home has been primarily due to spinners in conditions away from home their weaknesses have been laid threadbare However in the first Test the Tigers did perform well in the first four days only to lose the plot in the final day If they can arrest such a collapse then we may have a mouth-watering contest on offer Squads: Bangladesh Mushfiqur Rahim(c) Tamim Iqbal Soumya Sarkar Imrul Kayes Sabbir Rahman Mahmudullah Mominul Haque Mehidy Hasan Liton Das Mustafizur Rahman Taijul Islam Shafiul Islam Taskin Ahmed Rubel Hossain Subashis Roy South Africa Faf du Plessis(c) Hashim Amla Temba Bavuma Theunis de Bruyn Quinton de Kock Dean Elgar Keshav Maharaj Aiden Markram Duanne Olivier Dane Paterson Andile Phehlukwayo Kagiso Rabada Wayne Parnell For all the latest Sports News download Indian Express App IE Online Media Services Pvt Ltd More Related NewsWritten by TN Srinivasan | Published: May 11 2016 12:55 am Poverty lines were meant to serve essentially two purposes: One identifying those who are deemed poor according to some social norms and given the norms estimating their proportion in the population(Illustrations: C R Sasikumar) Related News In their article (‘A higher well-being’ The Indian Express April 29) C Rangarajan and S Mahendra Dev “argue that the actual well-being of the household will be higher than what is indicated by the poverty lines if we take into account public expenditure along with private expenditure” This conclusion does not follow from the analysis and data in the paper Poverty lines were meant to serve essentially two purposes: One identifying those who are deemed poor according to some social norms and given the norms estimating their proportion in the population In other words calculating the so-called head count ratio (HCR) and indicators of the depth of poverty; two given the social objective of eradication of poverty as soon as feasible devising policies towards poverty eradication and monitoring their performance in achieving the social objective The concepts of well-being and happiness had no role in setting the norms The perspective planning division (PPD) of the Planning Commission headed by late Pitambar Pant prepared a 15-year perspective plan (1951-1976) to eradicate poverty in the sense of providing a minimum level of living (MLL) for the entire Indian population — an idea that had already been mooted in 1938 by the national planning committee of the Indian National Congress The PPD appointed an expert committee in 1962 to come up with what from a social perspective would constitute an MLL The committee came up with a bundle of goods and services per capita per month to which each and every Indian household should have access Let us call it the minimum level of living bundle or MLLB It also argued that while a household with an adequate endowment of assets including importantly its arable land and labour should be able to acquire some of the MLLB from the market by spending their income from market returns to its endowments there were others that the expert committee deemed as of such social importance for each household to have that it viewed them as a social obligation of the government to provide to each household either free of cost or at subsidised prices Let us call these components of MLLB as “state provided bundle” or SPB The cost at market prices of the MLLB net of the SPB was the cost to a household out of its own pocket if it were to achieve the MLL All households with adequate endowments will do so and the rest will not It should be noted that the state was obligated to provide the SPB only according to the expert committee There was no legislation mandating the state to provide the SPB Whether it in fact did or not cannot be determined It is natural to call those with inadequate endowments to achieve the MLL as “endowments poor” or simply “poor” and the out of its own pocket cost at market prices of the MLLB net of the SPB as the “endowments poverty line” or the EPL Strictly speaking the “endowments poor” are those whose income from market returns is inadequate to meet the out of pocket costs to achieve the MLL Since the National Sample Survey for valid reasons does not collect data on household income but collects data on its consumption expenditure the latter is used as a proxy for income in order to compare it with the EPL Rangarajan and Dev point out that several committees including the one most recent chaired by Rangarajan have modified the poverty line — some for economic reasons and others in response to ill-informed criticisms of the media particularly during the parliamentary and state elections Given the fact that deflated public expenditure related to the components of the SPB have increased over time as Rangarajan and Dev show how should the increase be reflected in poverty analysis First since no copy of the expert committee’s report is available it is not possible to say whether the committee had in fact proposed the components of the SPB in terms of the quantities of goods and services Had these details been available one could have directly examined whether the quantities (per capita per month per household) the government actually provided were adequate to cover those promised in the SPB There is no information available on the distribution across households at each point of time of the deflated expenditure on the SPB This means that even if we were to use the poverty line each year as the consumption expenditure per capita of the household a purpose for which it was not intended one has to treat the per capita per month per household real government expenditure on the SPB goods and services as income transfer to the household to conclude as Rangarajan and Dev do that the welfare (not necessarily well-being) of a household with poverty line income plus income transfer of the average public expenditure on the SPB goods and services must have gone up Given that neither assumption is warranted one has to conclude their conclusion is not warranted either However there is an alternative Since by definition the expert committee viewed that each household must have access to the goods and services of the MLLB inclusive of the SPB as social norms for the MLL except that the SPB was to be provided by the state one could view the sum of the poverty line expenditure at current prices and the aggregate per capita per household government expenditure on the SPB goods and services as if it is an amended poverty line based on the MLL And if the actual per capita consumption expenditure of a household is below this amended poverty line then it cannot afford the MLL and calculate all the other indicators that one does with a poverty line and leave it at that The writer is Samuel C Park Jr professor of economics emeritus Yale University For all the latest Opinion News download Indian Express App More Related News With experienced players like Shakib-Al Hasan and Tamim Iqbal out of the squad, ? ?? ?

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